Hyperventilation Syndrome

Hyperventilation syndrome a name given to a collection of symptoms cause by over-breathing. It is very common, especially in females, asthmatics and those aged 15-55.

When we breathe more quickly and more shallowly than our bodies require, physical changes take place within our body. The level of carbon dioxide in your blood decreases, causing the blood to become more alkaline.

Symptoms of hyperventilation syndrome vary from individual to individual, but can include…

  • Shortness of breath, tightness through the chest and frequent sighing.
  • Tingling or numbness in your arms, fingers, toes or around your mouth.
  • Dizziness, headaches and feeling faint.
  • Palpitations and an increased heart rate.
  • Cold hands and feet, and shivering
  • Sickness and abdominal pain
  • Feeling stressed, tense or anxious

Chronic hyperventilation is generally due to prolonged stress, such as work problems, a bereavement in the family or after a traumatic incident, such as a car crash.

When faced with prolonged stress, the muscles in the upper body tend to become tense. As the nerves supplying the diaphragm originate in this area of the body, this can lead to the diaphragm becoming tight and not functioning fully, leading to the upper thoracic muscles being used for breathing, and causing breathing to become quicker and shallower.

An osteopath will assess your breathing and how your ribs and diaphragm are working. If they believe that you are suffering from hyperventilation syndrome, they may work on your thoracic spine, your diaphragm and your ribs. They may also work on your neck, where the nerves to the diaphragm originate from. They may also give you breathing and relaxation exercises, to help your breathing become slower and deeper.

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Breathing; a short introduction.

Breathing of moving air into and out of the lungs and is divided into two phases; inspiration and expiration.

During inspiration, the diaphragm and muscles between the ribs contract, causing the rib cage to expand and the pressure within the thorax to decrease. This causes air to rush in and fill the lungs.

During expiration, the diaphragm and rib muscles relax, causing the pressure in the thorax to increase and forcing air out.

Breathing is under both conscious and unconscious control. Area’s in the brain stem monitor blood oxygen levels, carbon dioxide levels and the pH of the blood and adjusts your rate of breathing accordingly. Our mood can have an involuntary effect on our breathing rate too: quick, shallow breathing if we are angry or stressed and slow, deep breathing if we are relaxed.

However, we are also able to change our breathing rates consciously depending on our activity, for example when meditating or singing.

An osteopath can assess your breathing pattern by…

  • The number of breaths per minute.
  • The balance between inspiration and expiration
  • The location of your breathing – upper rib or lower rib breathing.

An osteopath will commonly look at your breathing as part of your treatment plan, especially when presenting with neck and back problems.

More information can be found about how we can help you at http://www.kaneandross.co.uk